Views: 5 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-05-07 Origin: Site
Laser cutting equipment can provide your business with a quick and effective way to cut, etch, and engrave items. Cutting and Engraving projects with laser machines are more precise and cleaner than most other cutting techniques, and requires less deburring or finishing after the cuts.Though this is dependent upon the materials you cut, laser cutting is famous for making accurate and precise cuts. Prices and costs of laser cutting machines fluctuate greatly depending on the design, type, and ability of laser. If you plan to cut metal, tough woods, or other dense materials, you’ll need a higher watt laser than in case you wished to cut thinner materials, like cloth. On the other hand, the more complex the laser’s wattage, the higher the cost. It’s your choice to balance price and practicality.
Cutting metal machine is one kind of precision metal cutting machines, it is is the best choice to deal with high speed and precious metal cutting.
Cutting metal machine mainly deals with stainless steel sheet cutting, iron plate cutting, aluminum sheet cutting etc.
Cutting metal machine is an ideal entry level laser cutter without any high purchase cost or training cost. With easy operation and simple maintenance, the flatbed fiber laser cutting machine provide users powerful cutting ability and efficiency. Therefore, it is a good choice for users to have an economical processing.
First of all, let's first understand what is the thermal lens effect of laser cutting machine processing?
When the optical elements (such as processing lens, PR mirror or window, etc.) through which the laser beam of the laser cutting machine passes are stained, the thermal lens effect will occur after the laser beam passes through, and the cutting surface will become rough as a result, and dross will appear, or even Burns will also occur.
Fiber Laser Cutting Machine Parameters:
|Working area/ Tube length||3000*1500mm/ 6000mm|
|X axis stroke||1500mm|
|Y axis stroke||3000mm|
|Z axis stroke||300mm|
|Accuracy||X, Y axis positioning accuracy||0.05mm|
|X, Y axis repositioning accuracy||0.03mm|
|Speed||W axis rotate angle||n*360|
|W axis max. ratate speed||80rpm|
|X, Y axis max. running speed||150m/min|
|U axis max. positioning speed||800mm/s|
|X, Y axis max. accelerated speed||1.5G|
|Machine body||Max. working loading||1000kg|
|Laser power||500w/ 750w/ 1000w/ 1500w/ 2000w/ 3000w/ 4000w/ 5000w/ 6000w/ 8000w/ 10000w/ 12000w|
|Worktable optional||4000*1500mm/ 4000*2000mm/ 6000*2000mm/ 6000*2500mm|
|Tube length optional||3000mm/ 9000mm|
When the processing quality of the laser cutting machine deteriorates, when judging whether it is affected by the thermal lens effect, first check whether the performance of the optical element changes with the irradiation time of the laser beam. At the beginning of processing, the optical element is still in a low temperature state, and as the processing progresses, the influence of the thermal lens effect will be manifested in the quality of the cut surface.
During the laser cutting process, for reflective optical elements, efficient cooling can be done directly from the back side, and there are few such optical elements, and no thermal effects will occur, so this kind of light-transmitting optics Components can only be gradually cooled by cooling the environment around them.
Both surfaces of optical components generate heat, and it is easy to produce a thermal lens effect. Relatively speaking, their temperature is certain when they rise. There will be some thermal deformation, so this laser cutting mode will more or less change the refractive index.
What will happen to the thermal lens effect in laser cutting machine processing?
1. Stainless steel cutting: When cutting stainless steel, the thermal lens effect will cause the cutting surface to be inconsistent, more and more slag, and even continuous cutting problems.
2. Carbon steel cutting: When carbon steel is cutting, the thermal lens effect will cause more and more slag at the bottom and continuous cutting problems.
How do we tell whether the thermal lens effect has occurred when we use the laser cutting machine for processing?
1. Compare the cutting surface at the beginning and the end of the workpiece processed by the laser cutting machine.
At the beginning of the process, because the laser beam is irradiated for a short time and the optical element is still in a low temperature state, the influence of the thermal lens effect is relatively small. At the end of the processing when the cutting time requires more than 10s, because the optical element is irradiated by the laser beam for a long time, a thermal lens effect will occur, and the focus position and beam pattern will also change.
Once the focus position changes or the beam pattern changes, it will not automatically return to the original state during continuous irradiation processing. Comparing the cutting surface at the beginning and the end of the process, the quality at the end of the process becomes worse. It means that the thermal lens effect has occurred; if the two qualities are of the same degree of good condition, it means that the thermal lens effect has not occurred.
2. The laser cutting machine processes stainless steel materials to determine whether the thermal lens effect has occurred
At this time, we need to observe the slagging conditions at the beginning and the end of the processing. If the amount of burrs at the processing place increases, it means that the thermal lens effect may have occurred. In addition, in order to eliminate the directionality caused by other reasons such as the unevenness of the beam pattern or the tilt of the optical axis, it should be noted that the same cutting surface (same processing direction) must be selected for comparison.
So, how to avoid thermal lens effect during laser cutting process?
1. In the production process, in order to avoid the thermal lens effect, check the cleaning condition of the laser output head before installation, whether the lens or crystal is dirty or damaged, if any, clean and replace it;
Features of cutting metal machine:
1.Gantry rack double drive system, reinforced welding body. The stress is eliminated by tempering and vibration aging to ensure that the machine deformation tolerance is within 0.02 mm；
2.Crossbeam are made through drawing and finishing process: Lightweight, high rigidity, high dynamic performance；
3.Cutting head has the leapfrog function, parabolic motion between the cutting contours. Automatic frog jump during switching contours, high cutting efficiency；
4.Automatic concentrated lubrication function, automatic lubrication for traditional parts by system control. No manual intervention is needed so as to ensure the accuracy and service life of the moving part.
Applicable to cutting carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum, brass, alloy metals, etc.
Industries, such as guardrails, fitness equipment, shelves, crafts processing, small home appliances, and lighting, have now applied the machine widely.